Initially, traders from other places brought Islam with them. Kumbi Saleh remained a separate community separated from the King's palace. It had its own schools and its own mosques. The king remained separate from Islam. He was helped to run the territory by Muslim scholars. Takrur, to the west, had already adopted Islam as the state religion, and developed closer ties to the regions of Northern Africa.
The social structure of Ghana was a hierarchy. At the top were Kings and Queens followed by the rest of the population, most of which consisted of peasants. The peasants were farmers miners or artists. They ate fresh fruit and potatoes. The Niger river provided water for bathing, drinking, and growing crops as well as food in the form of fish. despite working very hard every day, they had a good quality of life with enough food and protection.
The king, assisted by his council of elders, were the leaders of the government. The kingdom was divided into different districts. Each district has a leader and they implemented laws that most people obeyed.